The term projective identification is a reference to a myriad of concrete phantasies that originate infancy and carry on ubiquitously in all human beings on an hourly basis throughout the lifespan. Projective identification is a psychological process that can happen between any two persons, especially when one of the two partners has a deep inner need to get rid of some of her or his own parts when such a person finds a good projection target he or she dumps all those unwanted parts onto the other person. Projective identification is seen as an early or primitive defensive operation, and projection as later or more advanced and derivative in nature the developmental origins and adaptive functions of projective identification are examined with an emphasis on the cognitive preconditions for the operation of this defense.
Anyway, cutting to the cheese, the powerful word projective identification resonates in one commonly occurring moment in schools when quickly things escalate between the student and the teacher i am reminded of an incident in the fall of 1999. Projective identification is a useful concept to learn if someone is interested in investigating self and putting what is learnt into practice projective identification is a useful concept to learn if someone is interested in investigating self and putting what is learnt into. Projective identification is a complex and much misunderstood concept in the world of psychotherapy the term originated of course from the work of melanie klein in her ground breaking work on the paranoid-schizoid and depressive phases of childhood development in the 1940s and has since been much researched and expanded upon. Projective identification is a departure from freudian views as it assumes an interpersonal rather than intrapersonal model for example, the dependent person subtly asks for help, even though they do not need it, and the recipient complies and so is drawn into the control of the 'dependent' person.
These two concepts are highly related in that projective identification involves projection i will try to shed light on the difference between them projection projection is a defense mechanism that typically involves three steps: 1 person a. X contents contribution to the psychopathology of psychotic 5 states: the importance of projective identiﬁ cation in the ego structure and the object relations of. Relationships positing that projective identification is a type of communication and part of the main human relationship mechanism operating in all close relationships. Projective identification the main difference between projection and projective identification is that the former belongs to intrapsychic dynamics, while the latter describes a very primitive form of relating. Thoughts on projective identification written by kathi stringer see illustration / chart i think the most deadly of all projections is projective identification (pi.
A client walked into my office for the first time and began to describe her husband as a narcissist they had been married for 15 years, had two children, were well-established in the community. Here i try to explain the psychological defence called projective identification allsow projection is mentioned and splitting and introjective identification. Projective identification is a term introduced by melanie klein to describe the process whereby - in a close relationship, as between mother/child, lovers, therapist/patient - parts of the self may in unconscious phantasy be thought of as being forced into the other person. Object relations theory in psychoanalytic psychology is the process of developing a psyche in relation to others in the environment during childhood projective identification as a specific term, projective identification is introduced by klein in “notes on some schizoid mechanisms. In melanie klein's object relations theory, projection identification is a defense mechanism in which a person fantasizes that part of their ego is split off and projected into the object, allowing for control or destruction of the part.
(projection, identification, and projection-and-identification are quite different matters to projective identification which, though psychopaths employ it a massively, i only mention here as the issue at hand is the nature of empathy. Projective identification as a concept is firmly rooted in south africans of kleinian persuasion but seems to be very largely influenced by british developments of the concept projective identification: the fate of a concept. On projective identification thomas h ogden i introduction it is a continuing task of psychoanalytic thinking to attempt to generate concepts and consistent language that are helpful in understanding the interplay between phenomena in an intrapsychic sphere. Grotstein explains the normal psychic capabilities of splitting and projective identification and goes on to show how they function in severe psychopathology he explains freud's and klein's concepts of splitting, and of projective identification.
Projective identification is a complex psychological defense mechanism ( first described by melanie klein) but, in simple terms, it involves: first, being unable to accept an aspect of oneself (and, therefore, unconsciously repressing it. Projective identification projective identification is very similar to simple projection, but it involves a bit more self-awareness and is reasonably grouped under the heading of projection in relationships. Projective identification is one of the nastiest defense mechanisms and causes billions of dollars of problems every year (even hundreds of billions if you include political parties and countries engaging in cultural projective identification.
Projective identification is a slightly complex phenomenon that builds on the defense mechanism of projection in this psychologenie post, we will provide a simple explanation of this theory along with some examples. In this book elizabeth spillius and edna o'shaughnessy explore the development of the concept of projective identification, which had important antecedents in the work of freud and others, but was given a specific name and definition by melanie klein. Projective identification is a psychological process by which a person projects his or her own thoughts and beliefs onto a third party often thought to be a defense mechanism , projective identification is generally associated with negative thoughts and actions that an individual considers unacceptable.